"They shall have life, life in all its fullness." (John 10:10)


Intent - why we teach what we teach. 


We believe that our children will develop a lifelong appreciation and desire for quality literature. We believe the study of English develops the children's abilities to listen, speak, read and write for a wide range of purposes. It enables them to express themselves creatively and imaginatively. We strive for all our children to learn to communicate meaning through engaging writing activities where they can express their emotions, thoughts and opinions both imaginatively and factually for a variety of audiences. We follow a writing pathway to help with progression of skills throughout school. See the ‘Pathways to Writing’ section below for more information. Children will be encouraged to develop as individual writers learning over time to use effective transcription and composition skills. They will be taught how to plan, revise, draft and review their writing, forming, articulating and communicating ideas and organising them coherently for the reader. We are proud of what our children can achieve and work is displayed around school for all to share. Implementation - how we teach what we teach. 

Implementation - how we teach what we teach.

Pathways is a brand-new methodology designed to equip pupils with key skills to move them through the writing process towards their final outcome. It is built around units of work that follow a mastery approach to the teaching of writing. To support this approach, clear detailed lesson plans and resources are linked to a high-quality text. Pathways to Write ensures engaging and purposeful English lessons. The units can be used thematically to encourage a whole school approach to writing with the opportunity for topics to link across all year groups. 

Each unit covers a range of areas in the national curriculum: Mastery of vocabulary, grammar and punctuation skills. Writing a range of genres across a year. Vocabulary development. Using a wider range of reading comprehension strategies as a whole class. Spoken language activities including drama and presentations. Opportunities for practising previously taught genres An extended, independent piece of writing This process follows three stages:

The Gateway (1-2 lessons)

Begin at the Gateway with a ‘hook’ session to intrigue and enthuse young writers

Use objects, people, images or role-play to stimulate questions about the chosen text

Give pupils the opportunity to predict the text

Establish the purpose and audience of the writing

Revisit previous mastery skills and ongoing skills


The Pathway (10 lessons)

Introduce pupils to three new writing skills from their year group curriculum

Provide opportunities to practise and apply the skill they have learnt through short and extended writing tasks including character descriptions, poetry, dialogue between characters, fact files or diary entries in role

Provide opportunities to re-cap and apply previously taught skills

Challenge greater depth writers through a wider range of tasks e.g. changes to form, viewpoint and audience


Writeaway (4 lessons)

Section and sequence texts independently or collaboratively

Create extended pieces of writing over time

Opportunity to apply mastery skills

Time for planning, writing, checking, editing, redrafting and publishing

A fiction or non-fiction outcome will be written (covering a wide range of genres and themes over the year)

To find out more information about Pathways to Write follow this link:



Impact - how we measure what we teach.


The impact of the writing curriculum is that children will be confident writers and will learn to communicate meaning through their writing where they can express their emotions, thoughts and opinions both imaginatively and factually for a variety of audiences. The children’s learning journey in writing is assessed each term using the current assessment framework.  It is reported on formally to parents through parent’s evenings, mini reports and a final end of year report.   The progress of each child will be tracked throughout their time at Mossley.



Intent - why we teach what we teach.

We provide a reading curriculum that gives children an opportunity to enjoy and engage with books from a range of authors and genres. Through reading we give children a chance to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually socially and spiritually. Literature, especially plays a key role in such development. Reading also enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know. The skill of reading helps pupils to participate fully as a member of society.


During their time at Mossley C of E, we believe that children should have a range of opportunities to develop their reading skills. Consequently, the children will have the opportunity to become increasingly proficient and confident at:


Reading easily, fluently and with good understanding

Develop appropriate reading skills such as inference, skimming and scanning and summarising.

Develop the habit of reading widely and often, for pleasure and information.

Acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading.

Appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage

Use discussion about texts in order to learn: they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas.

Implementation -how we teach what we teach.


At Mossley C of E reading in EYFS is taught through the Reading early learning goal. Children have the opportunity to read through daily shared and guided reading sessions as well as participating in reading activities in the workshop areas both indoors and out.  Children are also listened to individually with books matched to their book band colour and phonics ability.

In Year 1, children participate in daily reading activities through whole class reading. They are also listened to individually on a regular basis and have the opportunity to practise high frequency word flashcards.


In Year 2 and into Key Stage 2, children continue with guided reading taught as a whole class and in groups, together with comprehension work.  All KS2 children continue to receive opportunities for independent and shared reading through daily literacy activities.


Teachers use a variety of different resources to plan their guided reading sessions. VIPERS are used in both whole class guided reading and group guided reading sessions to ensure a coverage of skills is being taught.  Each session will have a focus on vocabulary, inference, prediction, explanation, retrieval, sequencing and summarising.

We use rising stars reading planet as an online resource for children to access books at home and use the comprehension side of it to answer questions about what they have read. This is as well as the children taking home their individual reading books.

In EYFS, children take home a book matched to their book band colour and one matched to their phonic stage. In years 1-3 children follow the book banding system and take books home weekly that are closely correlated to their guided reading band. In years 4-6 as children become more confident readers, they can choose from a range of texts, which are resourced area in the school corridor.


Impact - how we measure what we teach.

The impact of this reading curriculum is that children will be literate, their lives will be enriched and they will be inspired to further explore the world of books and the creative and informative opportunities that this offers. The children’s learning journey in reading is assessed each term using the current assessment framework alongside PIRA tests which we use for internal assessment.  It is reported on formally to parents through parent’s evenings, mini reports and a final end of year report.   The progress of each child will be tracked throughout their time at Mossley.

Intent - why we teach what we teach.


 We want our children to be able to confidently spell new words by effectively applying the spelling patterns, rules and high frequency words that they learn throughout their time in primary school.

Implementation - how we teach what we teach.

At Mossley we teach spelling as a discrete subject as well as encouraging children to practise and apply spelling patterns that they have learned in all other curriculum areas.  In KS1 spelling is taught through daily phonics sessions and the teaching of spelling patterns at least three times a week including high frequency words.  In KS2 spelling continues to be taught discretely at least three times a week and this will also include re-capping on previous spelling patterns and the teaching of high frequency words.

Spelling Shed is a spelling scheme that we use to ensure coverage and progression across the school.  It is divided into six stages, each stage corresponding to the respective school year. Within each stage, there are weekly objectives and spelling lists that give a steady progression through the English curriculum but also offers opportunities for our children to review spellings and attempt additional challenge lists to extend vocabulary. Spelling Shed has been developed to cover all spelling targets within the National Curriculum but additionally it offers further support for learning high frequency words for each key stage.

The Spelling Shed helps children to practise spelling via simple games. The game gives four different degrees of support in the form of difficulty modes; Easy, Medium, Hard and Extreme. Higher levels allow a higher score to be achieved but children can practise as much as they like on lower levels before trying to gain high scores. The scores achieved give a league position and each class has its own league position within a school league. It also creates a supportive environment for our learners to practice and master their spellings at their own pace. The programme also provides our pupils with a more interactive whole- class spelling test known as a ‘Hive game’ which continues to engage all of our learners and continue to create a fun environment for practicing spellings.  Each week, teachers will set lists of words that children should practise and will monitor their progress over the week and provide opportunities for their pupils to practice within school.  In the celebration assembly on a Friday we announce the top Spelling Shed speller for KS1 and KS2 and this child will receive a certificate. 

In addition to our spelling scheme, the children are also required to learn what are known as high frequency words. High frequency words are words that appear often in written texts. They are a mixture of decodable words (words that can be sounded out) and tricky / exception words (words in which the English spelling code works in an unusual or uncommon way, which means the words must be learned and recognised by sight).

It is incredibly important that our children learn how to read these words as they will make up a large proportion of the text in which they are exposed to during their journey through school. They also need to learn to spell these words, as they will find that they will need to use these regularly within their written work. Each of these are an additional list on spelling shed that will be consistently taught by your child/children’s teacher throughout the year.

In Reception, children will be given around 45 high frequency words to learn over the year – the aim is for them to be able to recognise these words and to be able to read them. Children learn these words as part of their phonics lessons and may also bring high frequency words home to read. Additional high frequency words are then included in each of child’s further classes as the child continue their journey through our school.


Impact - how we measure what we teach.

Most classes have an informal spelling test once a week to assess the children’s knowledge of their spelling patterns.   The patterns are sent home to parents and they are encouraged to help their children to practise words with these patterns in. High frequency words are also tested termly and the information is then used both in school and at home to help the children to learn to spell the words that they are still not sure of. Children are also assessed termly using our GAPs assessment which includes a spelling section.  Again, this allows teachers to set targets and to know the areas of spelling that the children need to work on.  Progress is reported on formally to parents through parent’s evenings, mini reports and a final end of year report.   The progress of each child will be tracked throughout their time at Mossley.

Punctuation and Grammar.

Intent - why we teach what we teach.

Punctuation and grammar are an integral part of our speaking, reading, writing and wider curriculum. The children receive discrete grammar/punctuation teaching at least twice a week linked to the current genre of writing. The new grammar learnt is applied to the writing process through our pathways scheme. 

Implementation - how we teach what we teach.

We use our own vocabulary, grammar and punctuation coverage document taken from the national curriculum.  Each year group have specific areas to focus on throughout the Autumn, Spring and Summer terms.  Pathways to write also covers specific vocabulary, grammar and punctuation targets within each of its units and the children are encouraged to meet these within their writing.

Impact - how we measure what we teach.

Work towards the vocabulary, grammar and punctuation targets is constantly assessed through the marking of writing.  Alongside this we use a termly GAPs assessment to see where the children are with their spelling, punctuation and grammar.  This is then used by teachers to set targets and to feed into future Teaching.



Intent - why we teach what we teach.

At Mossley we aim for our pupils to develop a neat, legible, speedy handwriting style using continuous cursive letters that leads to producing letters and words automatically in independent writing.

By the end of Year 6 pupils will understand the importance of neat presentation and the need for different letterforms (cursive, printed or capital letters) to help communicate meaning clearly. 

We aim to make handwriting an automatic process that does not interfere with creative and mental thinking.   As a catalyst to speedy handwriting we encourage parents and carers to use our Mossley cursive resources at home to help their children to practise their handwriting.

Implementation - how we teach what we teach.

Handwriting is a cross-curriculum task and will be taken into consideration during all lessons. Formal teaching of handwriting is to be carried out regularly and systematically to ensure Key Stage targets are met. 



For our youngest pupils we aim daily sessions totalling 15 minutes a day as and when the children are ready, that will include the following;

  • Movements to enhance gross motor skills such as air-writing, pattern making, dancing, dough disco.
  • Exercises to develop fine motor skills such as making marks on paper, whiteboards, blackboards, sand trays.
  • Letter learning to familiarise letter shapes, formation and vocabulary.


  • Sit in the correct position and hold a pencil correctly to allow fluid movement of the nib.
  • Improve fine and gross motor skills by enjoying drawing pre-cursive patterns in a variety of writing materials such as modelling clay, air writing, sand trays, felt pens, crayons, pencils, IWB.
  • Understand the language need to describe pencil movements in preparation of letter formation.
  • Hold a pencil in an effective manner for writing and be encouraged to correct any errors in grip or stature.
  • Have an understanding of writing their own name.
  • Understanding different shaped letter families and form letters from these families (see document).
  • Children to be taught a discrete handwriting session for 10/15 minutes.
  • To assess children after each letter family is taught. 
  • EYFS to use their additional handwriting progression document.
  • With children that have secured the correct letter formation with most letter/letter families- EYFS staff will start to introduce the cursive lead outs during handwriting and phonics. 
  • Only when the children are developed and ready in EYFS will they be introduced to the lead ins as well as outs in cursive.

Years 1 to 3: 

Tuition will continue as daily sessions totalling 15/30 minutes a day covering:

  • Gross and fine motor skills exercises such as cutting skills and warm up activities for hands and fingers.
  • Modelled handwriting for children by staff.
  • Cursive handwriting reinforcement, learning and practice.
  • Numerals, capitals and printed letters: where and when to use, learning and practice.
  • Handwriting interventions for the children that need it.


  • Write legibly using upper and lower case letters with correct joins.
  • Understanding different shaped letter families for cursive letters and form letters from these families
  • Form all letters in a cursive style and once they know the whole alphabet begin to join words.
  • Ensure that letters sit on the base line and are consistent in size with ascenders and descenders that are the correct length and formation.
  • Leave the correct space between words.
  • Form capital letters and use where appropriate.
  • Form numerals that are consistent in size and sit on the base line.
  • Begin to form printed letters and understand when they are to be used.
  • Improve the speed of writing and begin to write automatically so promoting creativity in independent writing. 

Years 4 to 6: 

Bespoke handwriting interventions for children who still need to work on their cursive handwriting/fine motor skills. (Early Birds) 

Skills to be taught:

Improve quality, speed and stamina of handwriting.

  • Quality: Ensure letters are consistently sized with equal word spacing and that ascenders and descenders are parallel and do not touch words on the lines above and below.
  • Speed: Improve speed of handwriting to allow creative writing to take precedence over the task of handwriting and be able to take ‘quick notes’ at a faster pace.
  • Stamina: Have the strength and mobility to be able to write for longer periods of time without fatigue.
  • Have full knowledge and ability of the different forms of handwriting for different purposes:   
  • Neat, joined, cursive letters for writing passages and large amounts of text, lists and letters.
  • Printed or capital letters for posters, notices, headings, labelling, and form filling.
  • Speedy handwriting for note-taking and dictation where neatness is not as important and shortcuts, such as + instead of ‘and’, can be used.

Impact - how we measure what we teach.

Children are assessed regularly through marking of work to see whether they are applying the skills taught to them in handwriting sessions into their writing as well as the regular assessment of handwriting during handwriting sessions.  In year 4 the children have the opportunity to gain a “pen licence” once their teacher feels that their handwriting is of a high enough standard.  We put an emphasis on the children applying skills taught in handwriting to their everyday writing. 



 If you would like further information about the curriculum Mossley School follows please feel free to speak with your child's class teacher or call the school office on 01260 272451

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Mossley C.E Primary School

Boundary Lane, Congleton, Cheshire, CW12 3JA

Mrs B Hawtin or Mrs L Knibbs

Tel: 01260 272451Email: office@mossleyce.cheshire.sch.uk

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